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For hot tubs, spas and swimspas 5-10mls of Natural Spa Clarifier diluted in a jug (approximately 200mls) of fresh or hot tub water per 1000 litres (220 gallons) of water.
For swimming pools and hydrotherapy pools 25mls of Natural Pool Clarifier diluted in a jug (approximately 200mls) of fresh or pool water per 10,000 litres (2,200 gallons) of water.
If your water is particularly cloudy you can use three times the recommended dose. Contact us if you need specific advice for your pool or hot tub.
Yes! Good sanitation is essential for a healthy pool or hot tub. Sanitisers make the contaminants in the water safe, but they don’t remove them. Pennosan multi-functional Natural Pool Clarifier and Natural Spa Clarifier remove contaminants that typically use up sanitisers, making the sanitisers more efficient.
Whether you have a swimming pool, hot tub or swimspa, it’s important that your chemicals are well balanced and (ideally) added in the correct order. Don’t stress too much if you get it wrong on occasion, but do try to use the following order as a guide.
TA (Total Alkalinity) is measured in parts per million (ppm) and affects how much the pH of the water changes when other chemicals are added. Maintaining TA in the region of 80-120ppm prevents pH fluctuation when chemicals are added to the pool or hot tub. TA will reduce naturally over time, so it’s important to check and correct first. If you are in a hard water area, the TA in the water coming out of your tap could be naturally higher than 250ppm. Here you will need to use a TA reducer or a pre-filter which attaches to your hose and filters the water before it enters your tub.
The recommended range for TA is 80-120ppm (parts per million or grams per litre).
The degree of acidity of the water is measured by its pH value on a logarithmic scale of 0-14, with 7 being neutral. Pure water has a pH of 7. As the pH number falls below 7, it becomes more acidic and increasingly corrosive to pool and hot tub parts as well as causing skin and eye irritation. As the pH number rises above 7, it becomes more alkali, chlorine becomes progressively less effective and the water may become cloudy with scale forming.
Free chlorine is made up of two components:
Swimming pool and hot tub water should be maintained within the ideal range of pH 7.2 to pH 7.4.
Total chlorine is the measurement of the Free Available Chlorine and Combined Chlorine present within the pool or hot tub. Free available chlorine should always be at least twice the level of combined chlorine and combined chlorine should always be maintained at below 1ppm – this is known as “breakpoint chlorination”. To calculate the amount of combined chlorine, simply subtract free chlorine from total chlorine.
As free chlorine is added to the pool or hot tub, it reacts with pollution to form chloramines.
Chloramines (sometimes referred to as disinfectant by-products – DBPs) are formed when chlorine reacts with ammonia from sweat, oils and urine introduced to the water by bathers.
Chloramines are a much less effective sanitiser when compared to chlorine and, if incorrectly managed can be more irritating to the skin and mucous membranes, as well as producing that classic “chlorine” smell often associated with swimming pools. Think of chloramines as being ‘used up’ chlorine. You will need to use either a chlorine or non-chlorine shock treatment to oxidise the chloramines and free up the chlorine to do its job of sanitising your water.
Even though your water might look crystal clear, and your dip tests say your levels are correct, unless you are also measuring the TOTAL chlorine and the CYA (stabiliser) as well as the FREE chlorine, TA and pH, you can’t know how safe your water is.
You can take action to reduce the amount of chloramines that are formed by using multi-purpose Natural Spa Clarifier or Natural Pool Clarifier.
Whenever you fill your pool or hot tub with fresh water, it’s important to give it a shock dose of sanitiser at the start. Some chemical starter kits use stabilised chlorine granules to shock the hot tub, but it is much better to use a proper chlorine shock treatment.
Types of shock treatment:
Chlorine shock is non-stabilised chlorine and is used on a fresh fill to sanitise the tub by removing any bacteria that may be lurking within the system. Chlorine shock can also be used to boost sanitiser levels after a particularly heavy use. Some suppliers provide shock dosages on the packaging of stabilised chlorine granules. We do not recommend to use stabilised chlorine granules as a shock treatment because of the effects of CYA (stabiliser) on the chlorine.
Non-chlorine shock is a powerful oxidiser used to eliminate contaminants in the water. The chlorine or bromine makes bacteria safe but it doesn’t remove the contaminants. A non-chlorine shock will remove chloramines (used up chlorine) and will reactivate bromine, thus maintaining safe bactericidal levels.
Cyanuric acid (CYA) is a weak acid used predominantly in outdoor swimming pools to stabilise the chlorine, protecting the chlorine from sunlight which would quickly break it down. More and more frequently it is used in spas and hot tubs in the form of “stabilised chlorine” (dichlor or trichlor) – i.e., the CYA is already attached to the chlorine. Whenever you add stabilised chlorine granules or tablets to your pool or hot tub, you are adding a proportion of cyanuric acid. Unlike chlorine, CYA builds up in the water over time. This makes the chlorine less effective as a sanitiser, increasing the contact time needed to neutralise bacteria. Because there are higher levels of contaminants present in hot tubs and spas, this increased contact time becomes an issue as the chlorine is struggling to do its job. When CYA reaches 100-150ppm, it’s time to think about a partial dilution (of a swimming pool) or changing the water in a hot tub. The aim should be to keep CYA levels as low as possible (around 30ppm) and to minimise the amount of CYA entering the first place.
Total Hardness (TH) is the measurement of calcium hardness and is made up of dissolved calcium salts and smaller quantities of other mineral salts such as magnesium. TH should be maintained at between 80-200ppm. However, in hard water areas this could easily be exceeded, and a pre-filter may be beneficial.
TH levels less than 80ppm can result in corrosion and higher TH levels can result in increased scale formation. If TH is very low (below 50ppm) it can cause itching and skin irritation.
Scum lines, or tide marks, are caused by oils & sweat from bathers sticking to the sides of the hot tub. One of the ways that our Natural Spa Clarifier works is by trapping the oils & sweat, preventing them sticking to the sides. With continued use, tide marks will be reduced and eventually eliminated.
A popular misconception is that you don’t have to treat or balance your bath water so you don’t need to in your hot tub…
It is not advisable to get into a hot tub before properly sanitising the water. Having a soak in hot tub is VERY different to having a soak in the bath.
Taking a little bit of time to balance your hot tub water correctly before first use will save a lot of time and effort in the long run. Correctly balanced hot tub water will generally only require maintenance with Pennosan Natural Spa Clarifier and sanitiser with the occasional shock to maintain crystal clear and safe water.
Adding Pennosan Natural Spa Clarifier to a clean tub before use will prevent tide marks, or scum lines, forming in your hot tub. If the water looks a bit cloudy when you come to empty it, add another dose, mix with a paddle (or your hand) and leave for half an hour before emptying. This will make cleaning much easier and less time-consuming.
Unlike a chemical clarifier, Pennosan Natural Pool and Spa Clarifiers are naturally attracted to dirt and oils, as well as dissolved metals and micro-organisms. Each product has been formulated by carefully selecting the best ingredients for the required use. We are constantly developing new formulations and often work with our customers to find the best solution for their situation. All our products are made with natural, sustainable ingredients.
All of our products have been carefully formulated to address the conditions in which they will be used. Swimming pool and hot tub conditions differ mainly by volume, temperature and bather load which is why we have specific products for each application.
Yes! Unlike most chemical clarifier products on the market, our Natural Spa Clarifier captures oils, grease and pigments from sunscreen and other cosmetics for easy removal via the filtration system.
This is good a good sign. The Pennosan Natural Spa Clarifier is doing its job nicely. It makes the invisible (dissolves solids that consume the sanitiser) become visible so that it can be easily removed via the filtration system. Depending on the efficiency of the filtration system, this should clear within a few hours, up to a day or two.
Chitosan is a natural fibre prepared from crustacean (crab) shells that would otherwise go to waste. Chitosan fibres biodegrade in the environment after use.